Today in Labor History – November 13th

ih061119-2Over 20,000 workers participated in the funeral march for the Haymarket anarchists framed for throwing the Haymarket bomb – 1887

259 miners died in the underground Cherry Mine fire. As a result of the disaster, Illinois established stricter safety regulations and in 1911, the basis for the state’s Workers Compensation Act was passed – 1909

A Western Federation of Miners strike is crushed by the militia in Butte, Mont. – 1914

The Holland Tunnel opens, running under the Hudson River for 1.6 miles and connecting the island of Manhattan in New York City with Jersey City, NJ. Thirteen workers died over its seven-year-long construction – 1927

GM workers’ post-war strike for higher wages closes 96 plants – 1945

Members of the International Typographical Union, on strike against the Green Bay (Wisc.) Press-Gazette over technology changes, create the Green Bay Daily silkwoodkarenbioNews (later the News-Chronicle) as a money-maker for the strikers and to support their cause. Surviving until 1976, it was seen as the longest-running strike paper in newspaper history – 1972

Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers Union activist Karen Silkwood is killed in a suspicious car crash on her way to deliver documents to a newspaper reporter during a safety investigation of her Kerr-McGee plutonium processing plant in Oklahoma. – 1974

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