Today in Labor History – December 1st


Ralph Chaplin

W. A. “Tony” Boyle, future president of the United Mine Workers (UMW) was born on this date – 1904

The Ford Motor Co. introduced the continuous moving assembly line which could produce a complete car every two-and-a-half minutes – 1913

The famous labor song, “Solidarity Forever,” was written on this date by IWW songwriter Ralph Chaplin. He wrote the song for a hunger march to be led by Lucy Parsons in Chicago – 1914

 Kellogg cereal adopts 6-hour day – 1930


Rosa Parks

Rosa Parks, a 43-year-old African-American seamstress, boarded a bus in downtown Montgomery, Alabama, and refused to move to the back. She was arrested, triggering a year-long boycott of the city bus system and legal actions which ended racial segregation on municipal buses throughout the southern United States  – 1955

United Garment Workers of America merge with United Food & Commercial Workers International Union – 1994

Metal Polishers, Buffers, Platers & Allied Workers International Union & United Rubber, Cork, Linoleum & Plastics Workers of America merge with International Brotherhood of Boilermakers, Iron Ship Builders, Blacksmiths, Forgers & Helpers – 1996

The Youngstown General Duty Nurses Association (YGDNA) became the first nurses in Ohio to engage in a mass resignation or “strike.” According to the American Nurses Association, it may have been the first concerted action by nurses in a labor dispute in the nation – 1966

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