Today in Labor History – July 10th


Mary McLeod Bethune, educator and civil rights activist, born – 1875

14,000 federal and state troops finally succeed in putting down the strike against the Pullman Palace Car Co., which had been peaceful until July 5, when federal troops intervened in Chicago, against the repeated protests of the Governor and Chicago’s mayor. Some 34 American Raily Union members were killed by troops over the course of the strike – 1894

A powerful gas and dust explosion occurs in the Rolling Mill Mine in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, killing 112 miners.  The disaster devastated the immigrant community and provoked calls for investigations and greater safety measures.  The Rolling Mill Mine Disaster still ranks as one of the deadliest mining accidents in the history of the U.S. – 1902

The San Francisco Chamber of Commerce holds a mass meeting of more than 2,000 merchants to organize what was to become a frontal assault on union strength and the closed shop. The failure of wages to keep up with inflation after the 1906 earthquake had spurred multiple strikes in the city – 1916

Sidney Hillman dies at age 59. He led the Amalgamated Clothing Workers, was a key figure in the founding of the Congress of Industrial Organizations and was a close advisor to Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt – 1946


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