Today in Labor History – July 1st


Steel workers in Cleveland begin what was to be an 88-week strike against wage cuts – 1885

Homestead, Pennsylvania steel strike.  Seven strikers and three Pinkertons killed as Andrew Carnegie hires armed thugs to protect strikebreakers – 1892

The Amalgamated Assn. of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers stages what is to become an unsuccessful three-month strikeagainst U.S. Steel Corp. Subsidiaries – 1901

The ILGWU organized a large strike, known as the “Great Revolt” involving 50,000 cloak-makers that lasted through October. Taking their lead from the women, the mostly male cloak-makers won uniform wages, a shorter work week and paid holidays. As a result of the strikes in 1909 and 1910, the ILGWU swelled in membership – 1910

One million railway shopmen strike – 1922

Some 1,100 streetcar workers strike in New Orleans spurring the creation of the po’ boy sandwich by local sandwich shop owners and one-time streetcar men. “Whenever we saw one of the striking men coming,” Bennie Martin later recalled, “one of us would say, ‘Here comes another poor boy.’” Martin and his brother Clovis fed any striker who showed up – 1929

The Hawaiian long shore strike brought together Japanese, Filipino and other ethnic plantation workers into one labor union (ILWU) – 1937

The United Auto Workers (UAW) under the leadership of Walter Reuther, left the AFL, partly because of conflicts between Reuther and AFL president George Meany. Reuther died (was killed?) in a plane crash in 1970, and the UAW did not rejoin the AFL until 1981 – 1968

Nat’l Assn. of Post Office & General Service Maintenance Employees, United Fed. of Postal Clerks, Nat’l Fed. of Post Office Motor Vehicle Employees & Nat’l Assn. of Special Delivery Messengers merge to become American Postal Workers Union – 1971

International Jewelry Workers Union merges with Service Employees International Union – 1980

Graphic Arts International Union merges with International Printing & Graphic Communications Union to become Graphic Communications International Union, now a conference of the Teamsters – 1983

Copper miners begin a years-long long, bitter strike against Phelps-Dodge in Clifton, Ariz. Democratic Gov. Bruce Babbitt repeatedly deployed state police and National Guardsmen to assist the company over the course of the strike, which broke the union – 1983

Amalgamated Clothing & Textile Workers Union merges with International Ladies’ Garment Workers Union to form Union of Needletrades, Industrial & Textile Employees – 1995

International Chemical Workers Union merges with United Food & Commercial Workers Int’l Union – 1996

The Newspaper Guild merges with Communications Workers of America – 1997

United American Nurses affiliate with the AFL-CIO – 2001

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