Today in Labor History – June 22nd

labor history june 22

Mass grave of victims from the Deadly Hammond Circus Train Wreck

After calls for revenge against Standard Oil for the Ludlow Massacre, an anarchist bomb intended for the Rockefeller Mansion unintentionally detonated in the Ferrer Center on this date, killing three anarchists and putting a temporary end to the Modern School, which was housed there. – 1914

A horrific train wreck in northwest Indiana between Gary and Hammond, killed an estimated 86 people and injured 127 others. The train was carrying the Hagenbeck-Wallace Circus. The victims were buried in the Woodlawn Cemetery in Forest Park, Illinois in an area set aside as Showmen’s Rest that was purchased by the Showmen’s League of America. – 1918

Several hundred striking miners seized a group of strikebreakers scabbing for the Southern Illinois Coal Company killing 19, in what would become known as the “Herrin Massacre.” Several strikers were held in the Williamson County jail, which is now a historical museum focusing on the conflict. Those who were tried for the murders were all acquitted. – 1922

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