Today in Labor History – December 9th

labor history december 9

Knights of Labor

The Knights of Labor was founded on this date in Philadelphia as a secret society open to all members of the producing classes except “parasites” like stockbrokers, gamblers, and lawyers. The Knights were one of the most important labor organizations of the late 1800s, reaching a membership of 700,000 by 1886. While other unions were fighting for a 10-hour work day, the Knights were demanding a 8-hour day, as well as an end to child and convict labor. They were also one of the earliest labor organizations to accept blacks and women. Yet they supported the Chinese Exclusion Act and participated in anti-Chinese riots. – 1869

General Electric announced that it would fire all Communist employees. – 1953

Ratification of a new labor agreement at Titan Tire of Natchez, Miss. ended the longest strike in the history of the U.S. tire industry, which began May 1, 1998, at the company’s Des Moines, Iowa, plant. – 2001

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