Today in Labor History November 30th

Mother Jones’s 100th Birthday

“Fighting Mary” Eliza McDowell was born on this date. In 1902, McDowell helped organize the first women’s local union of the Amalgamated Meat Cutters, which was made up mostly of the low-paid women working in packinghouse canning and labeling operations. – 1854

Fighting Mary Eliza McDowell was born, Mother Mary Harris Jones died at age 100, and 12,000 Insurance agents strike against the Prudential Insurance Co. Click To Tweet

Mother Jones died at age 100 in Silver Spring, Maryland. Jones was an organizer or “walking delegate” for the United Mine Workers (UMW), famous for her bravado. When she and 3,000 women were released by a militia after being held all night in McAdoo, Pennsylvania, they marched straight to the hotel housing the soldiers and ate their breakfast. Even well into her 90s, she still roamed through the hills of West Virginia, encouraging miners to organize. She is buried in the Union Miners Cemetery in Mount Olive, Illinois, alongside miners who died in the 1898 Battle of Virden. – 1930

More than 12,000 members of the Insurance Agents Union struck in 35 states and Washington D.C. against the Prudential Insurance Co. – 1951

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