Today in Labor History June 29, 2020

What was to be a 7-day streetcar strike began in Chicago after several workers were unfairly fired. Wrote the police chief at the time, describing the strikers’ response to scabs: “One of my men said he was at the corner of Halsted and Madison Streets, and although he could see fifty stones in the air, he couldn’t tell where they were coming from.” The strike was settled to the workers’ satisfaction. – 1885

7 day streetcar strike begins in Chicago, Michael Schwab was convicted for the Haymarket Bombing, FDR establishes the Nation Labor Relations Board, and the Supreme Court ruled in CWA v. Beck. Click To Tweet

Michael Schwab, who was convicted for the Haymarket bombing, died from tuberculosis, having been pardoned and released from prison just a few months prior. – 1898

An Executive Order signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt established the National Labor Relations Board.  A predecessor organization, the National Labor Board, established by the Depression-era National Industrial Recovery Act in 1933, was struck down by the Supreme Court. – 1934

IWW struck Weyerhaeuser and other Idaho lumber camps. – 1936

Jesus Pallares, founder of the 8,000-member coal miners union, Liga Obrera de Habla Esanola, was deported from the US as an “undesirable alien.” One hundred miners were arrested during the 1934 La Liga strike against the Gallup American Company in New Mexico. – 1936

The Boilermaker and Blacksmith unions merged to become International Brotherhood of Boilermakers, Iron Ship Builders, Blacksmiths, Forgers and Helpers. – 1954

The US Supreme Court ruled in CWA v. Beck that in a union security agreement, a union can collect as dues from non-members only that money necessary to perform its duties as a collective bargaining representative. – 1988

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