Today in Labor History – February 21st

Oregon passed the first legislation in the country to officially recognize the “workingman’s holiday” Labor Day. By 1894, 30 other states had adopted the holiday and on June of that year, Congress passed an act making the first Monday in September each year a federal holiday. – 1887 The Transportation-Communication Employees Union merged with the […]

Today in Labor History – February 20th

Frederick Douglass Responding to a 15 percent wage cut, women textile workers in Lowell, Massachusetts organized a “turn-out” (a strike), in protest. The action failed. Two years later they formed the Factory Girl’s Association in response to a rent hike in company boarding houses and the increase was rescinded. One worker’s diary recounts a “stirring […]

Today in Labor History – February 19th

Pittston Strike The American Federation of Labor issued a charter to its new Railroad Employees Department. – 1909 A few weeks after workers asked for a 25 cent hourly wage, the Philadelphia Rapid Transit (streetcar) Company fired 173 union members “for the good of the service” and brought in replacements from New York City. Striker-scab […]

Today in Labor History – February 18th

Peter J. McGuire One of the first American labor newspapers, The Man, was published in New York City. It cost one cent and according to The History of American Journalism, “died an early death”.  Another labor paper, the N.Y. Daily Sentinel, had been launched four years earlier. – 1834 Labor leader Peter J. McGuire died on this […]