Today in Labor History – June 28th

Labor History June 28th

This date marked the birthday of machinist Matthew Maguire, who many believe first suggested Labor Day. Others believe it was Peter McGuire, a carpenter. – 1850 President Grover Cleveland signed legislation declaring Labor Day an official US holiday. – 1894 The federal government sued the Teamsters to force reforms on the union, the nation’s largest. … Read more

Today in Labor History – June 27th

Labor History June 27th

Emma Goldman Emma Goldman, women’s rights activist and radical, was born in Lithuania. She came to the US at age 17. – 1869 The Bureau of Labor, which will become the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), was established. Today, the BLS is a governmental agency that collects, processes, analyzes, and disseminates statistical data on employment, … Read more

Today in Labor History – June 26th

Labor History June 26th

Armed soldiers pose with locomotive during the Pullman Strike The American Railway Union launched a boycott of all trains carrying Pullman cars, turning the Pullman strike into a national strike which was eventually crushed by federal troops and by lack of support from the more conservative American Federation of Labor. Strike leader Eugene V. Debs was imprisoned … Read more

Today in Labor History – June 24th

Labor History June 24th

This date marked the birth of Albert Parsons, Haymarket martyr. – 1848 Agnes Nestor was born. Nestor, who began working in a glove factory at age 14, helped to found the International Glove Workers Union and served in various leadership positions within the union from 1903-1948, including president. She helped organize unions in other industries, … Read more

Labor History – June 23rd

Labor History June 23rd

(l-r) Charles Moyer, Bill Haywood, and George Pettibone Charles Moyer, president of the Western Federation of Miners, went to Butte, Montana in an attempt to mediate a conflict between factions of the miner’s local there. It didn’t go well. Gunfight in the union hall killed one man. Moyer and other union officers left the building, which … Read more

Today in Labor History – June 22nd

Labor History June 22nd

Mass grave of victims from the Deadly Hammond Circus Train Wreck After calls for revenge against Standard Oil for the Ludlow Massacre, an anarchist bomb intended for the Rockefeller Mansion unintentionally detonated in the Ferrer Center on this date, killing three anarchists and putting a temporary end to the Modern School, which was housed there. … Read more

Today in Labor History – June 21st

Labor History June 21st

Molly Maguires Ten miners accused of being militant “Molly Maguires” were hanged in Pennsylvania. Many historians argue that the Molly Maguires, a secret miners’ organization allegedly responsible for violence and social conflict in the coal regions, never really existed. A private corporation initiated the investigation of the ten accused miners through a private detective agency. … Read more

Today in Labor History – June 20th

Labor History June 20th

Eugene V Debs Eugene Debs formed the American Railway Union (ARU), one of the earliest unions to organize by industry and regardless of race or ethnicity (see Knights of Labor and IWW) . Within a few months the union was leading an 18-day strike against the Great Northern Railroad, successfully forcing management to reverse three wage cuts despite … Read more