Today in Labor History July 5th

Labor History July 5th

Thousands of United States Marshals and some 12,000 United States Army troops, commanded by Brigadier General Nelson Miles, interfered with a peaceful labor strike led by Eugene Debs against the Pullman Palace Car Company, which had drastically cut wages. President Cleveland wanted the trains moving again and based the action on his constitutional responsibility for … Read more

Today in Labor History July 2nd

Labor History July 2nd

Attorney General Olney obtained an injunction in federal court barring Pulman union leaders from supporting a strike and demanding the strikers cease their activities or face being fired. Eugene Debs and other leaders of the American Railway Union ignored the injunction, and federal troops were called up to enforce it. – 1894 The NYC Teachers … Read more

Today in Labor History June 28th

Labor History June 28th

This date marked the birthday of machinist Matthew Maguire, who many believe first suggested Labor Day. Others believe it was Peter McGuire, a carpenter. – 1850 President Grover Cleveland signed legislation declaring Labor Day an official US holiday. – 1894 The federal government sued the Teamsters to force reforms on the union, the nation’s largest. … Read more

Today in Labor History June 27th

Labor History June 27th

Emma Goldman, women’s rights activist and radical, was born in Lithuania. She came to the US at age 17. – 1869 The Bureau of Labor, which will become the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), was established. Today, the BLS is a governmental agency that collects, processes, analyzes, and disseminates statistical data on employment, labor, and … Read more

Today in Labor History June 26th

Labor History June 26th
Armed soldiers pose with locomotive during the Pullman Strike

The American Railway Union launched a boycott of all trains carrying Pullman cars, turning the Pullman strike into a national strike which was eventually crushed by federal troops and by lack of support from the more conservative American Federation of Labor. Strike leader Eugene V. Debs was imprisoned and many workers were blacklisted for their involvement. … Read more